Patient Powxer Summary Methamphetamine - meth for short - is a very addictive stimulant drug. Worried about methamphetamine use? Survey research suggests that methamphetamine use in Australia has not risen ificantly in recent years. The racemate a mixture of the R- and S-stereoisomers is also listed in the same Schedule, but the R-enantiomer is not separately identified in the Convention.
If you are worried about your use, you can call FRANK on for friendly, confidential advice. It can also be mixed powser liquid and injected into your body with a needle. Acute intoxication causes serious cardiovascular disturbances as well as behavioural problems that include agitation, confusion, paranoia, impulsivity and violence. They also may try meth since it can produce a feeling of extreme wakefulness. In the United Kingdom and some other countries, powdwr name used in drugs legislation is methylamphetamine.
Forms of meth
This violent, aggressive behavior is usually coupled with extreme paranoia. In most fatal poisonings the blood concentration is above 0.
In cases of overdose: stroke, lung, kidney and gastrointestinal damage can develop, and coma and death can occur. HIV and hepatitis as are found with other injectable drugs such as heroin.
The crystal form of methamphetamine, sometimes called crystal meth or ice, is extremely powerful and addictive. Crystal meth can report positive in a urine test for 1 to 4 days after using.
Following oral use, the effects usually start within 30 minutes and last for many hours. A synthetic drug, methamphetamine is closely related poader to amphetamine, but produces greater effects on the central nervous system. Mental health risks Severe psychosis caused by methamphetamine have been reported in countries where there is widespread use of the drug.
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When methamphetamine is smoked it reaches the brain much more quickly. Unlike the sulfate salt of amphetaminemethamphetamine hydrochloride, particularly the crystalline form iceis sufficiently volatile to be smoked. Legal forms of methamphetamine such as the prescription stimulant Desoxyn is sometimes prescribed to treat attention deficit hyperactivity disorder ADHD.
The most common salt is the hydrochloride CASwhich occurs as a white or off-white powder or as crystals soluble in water. The plasma half-life is about nine hours. Chronic use of meth can cause paranoia, hallucinations, repetitive behavior such as compulsively cleaning, grooming or disassembling and assembling objectsand delusions of meh or insects crawling under the skin that can lead to obsessive scratching to get rid of these imagined insects.
Methamphetamine drug profile
Methamphetamine, as the N-methyl derivative of amphetamineis sometimes included with amphetamine and other less common substances e. Tablets containing methamphetamine may carry logos similar to those seen on MDMA and other ecstasy tablets. The risks of meth are substantial. However, trend data suggests an increase in ice use among users, compared to other forms such as powder or base. For some people, methamphetamine use can lead to very strong psychological and physical dependence, especially if it is injected or smoked.
Fatalities directly attributed to methamphetamine are rare. Meth is addictive, and a person can develop a tolerance quickly, needing increasingly larger amounts mrth get high. Other commonly used chemical names include N-methylamphetamine, 1-phenylmethylaminopropane, phenyliospropylmethylamine and desoxyephedrine. It suppresses appetite and fatigue and le to insomnia.
Additional law details methamphetamines are a class B drug and only class A if prepared for injection.
Drug and alcohol information
Injection of methamphetamine carries the same viral infection hazards e. Some slang terms you might hear for methamphetamine are meth, chalk, crank, crystal, glass, tweak, ice, or tina. Methamphetamine takes effect quickly. Meth use can quickly lead to addiction.
Some compare it to crack cocaine as both are smoked and give an intense, powerful high followed by a very severe comedown, and both are very addictive. This can happen whether the person is a first-time, occasional or regular user. Both the Leuckart route and reductive amination e. It increases the activity of the noradrenergic and dopamine neurotransmitter systems.
Both ephedrine and pseudoephedrine are commercially available and are used in certain medicinal products.
Infographics and media
Methamphetamine is a very unpredictable drug. It is a powder that can be made into a pill or a shiny rock called a crystal. Some impurities can be added by mistake, as impurities can be formed during the manufacturing process for methamphetamine. The risks Physical health risks Increased heart rate and blood pressure, raising the risk of heart attack — the higher the dose, the greater these effects.
Like drink-driving, driving when high is dangerous and illegal. Inhibitions are lowered and libido may be increased — this can lead to taking part in risky activities posder you would not normally do, such as having unsafe sex, which itself can lead to other risks, such as catching a sexually transmitted disease or an unplanned pregnancy. Mixing Is it dangerous to mix with other drugs?
Dependence — as shown by increased tolerance — in deficits in memory and in decision-making and verbal reasoning. While rates of use remain stable, the harms from ice use e.
If the police catch people supplying illegal drugs in a home, club, bar or hostel, they can potentially prosecute the landlord, club owner or any other person concerned in the management of the premises. After effecs The comedown from methamphetamine is severe. Psychosis is a serious mental state where you lose touch with reality and may come to believe things that are not true. Mixing methamphetamine with alcohol can have serious consequences — as the stimulant effects of methamphetamine and the depressant effects of alcohol interact unpredictably, which can increase powedr risk of harm or even death.
Are harms from "Ice" use increasing in Australia? The major metabolites include 4-hydroxymethamphetamine and amphetamine.